Epidemiological, Clinical and Histological Profile of Urogenital Cancers in the Thies Region in Senegal

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Kouka Scn, Thiam NM, Faye M, Diame A, Diop C, Diallo Y, Sylla C, Bentefouet L, Jalloh M

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Published: 19 December 2023 | Article Type : Research Article

Abstract

Objective: To determine the epidemiological, clinical and histological profile of urological cancers in thies region hospitals.

Patients and Methods: We conducted a descriptive study, from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2019 and included all patients referred for the treatment of urogenital cancer in the different urology departments in the Thies region.

Results: We included 478 cases of urogenital cancers during the study period. The average age of the patients was 63.1+/-11.1 years with age range 16 and 94 years. The sex ratio (M/F)was 7.69. The circumstances of discovery were dominated by obstructive voiding disorders (64,9%) for prostate cancer, by hematuria (70%) for bladder cancer, by lumbar mass (56.5%) for kidney cancer. Prostate cancer was the most common with 318 cases (66.5%) followed by bladder cancer (19.5%) and kidney cancer (4.8%). The cancer was metastatic in 31.5% at the time of diagnosis. The overall mortality rate was 10.46% after 1 year of follow-up

Conclusion: Prostate cancer is the most common urogenital cancer in the Thies region. The mortality rate from all cancers remains high due to delayed diagnosis. The establishment of a cancer registry is necessary.

Keywords: Urogenital Cancers, Epidemiology, tistology, Thies.

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Kouka Scn, Thiam NM, Faye M, Diame A, Diop C, Diallo Y, Sylla C, Bentefouet L, Jalloh M. (2023-12-19). "Epidemiological, Clinical and Histological Profile of Urogenital Cancers in the Thies Region in Senegal." *Volume 5*, 1, 27-33