Background: The nursing skill laboratory is a learning ground for all clinical skills where it enables nursing students to learn nursing procedures and practice. However, during pandemics, shifts from the traditional nursing procedural display to video demonstration take place as protection. During the conversion from pandemic to endemic, nursing students started college and practised in Nursing Skill Laboratory. Therefore, this research aims to determine the effectiveness of traditional skill laboratory demonstration versus video demonstration on skill performance in serving oral medication among student nurses in a private healthcare college, Johor Bahru. The independent variable used in this research is the traditional skill laboratory method and video demonstration method and the dependent variable is skill performance of undergraduate nursing students during serving oral medication.
Methods: Quasi experimental study with post-test 1 and post-test 2 was conducted among undergraduate nursing students in KPJ International College Johor Bahru who came for skill lab practice, total sample size was (n-90). The study duration was within 2 months, from January 2023 to February 2023.
Results: When comparing the paired differences, there were statistically significant differences between the Post-Test 1 and Post-Test 2 traditional demonstration group (m = 2.29, SD = 1.74) and the Post-Test 1 and Post-Test 2 video demonstration group (m = 2.09, SD = 1.81), as indicated by the values of t (44), p = < 0.000 (p < 0.05) is significantly different. A two-way repeated measures ANOVA indicate, there is no significant difference between the two methods when they are combined. According to the attitude scale, the Traditional Demonstration method states the highest percentage of 95.9 % as compared to the Video Demonstration method states 91.6 %.
Conclusion: This study found that both methods were equally effective on student’s skill performance on serving oral medication and recommended that combination of both demonstration method shall be adopted to improve the skill performance among student nurses.
Keywords: Skill Laboratory Demonstration, Video Demonstration, Teaching Method, Skill Performance, Student Nurses.