Socio-Demographic Determinants of Diabetes among Men attending Tertiary Hospitals in Port Harcourt Metropolis of Rivers State

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SAMUEL Gentle Kitoye, OVODO Rosemary, AJIE Pearl C

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Published: 10 April 2023 | Article Type : Research Article

Abstract

This study investigated the socio-demographic determinants of diabetes among men attending tertiary hospitals in Port Harcourt Metropolis of Rivers State. The area of this study was tertiary institutions located in Port Harcourt metropolis whiz are University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital and Braithwaite Memorial Specialist Hospital. A hospital-based descriptive cross sectional survey design was adopted for the study. An estimated population of 1,865,000 men. Date was collected from 650 patient folders in both facilities. The proforma was used to collect data for the study. Data collected for this study were analyzed using Statistical Products for Service Solution (SPSS) version 25.0. The findings of the study illustrated that a statistically significant relationship between age and diabetes (p<0.05) specifically, men aged ≥70yrs years were about five times likely to be diabetic (OR= 5.15, 95%CI: 2.01–5.27) compared to those who were younger, aged 20-29 years. The findings of the study revealed that a non-significant relationship between occupation and diabetes (p>0.05). The result indicated that those who were overweight were about two times more likely to be diabetic (OR= 2.03, 95%) compared to those who were underweight, while those who were underweight were 1.15 times less likely to be diabetic. The findings of the study showed a statistically significant relationship between family history and diabetes (p<0.05). The findings of this study concluded that factors that determines diabetes were age, body mass index, family history while occupation showed insignificant. It was recommended among others that government should organize health education programme to address obesity, and non-diverse diets as necessary so as to reduce the occurrence of diabetes and others metabolic disorders.

Keywords: Determinants, diabetes, men, tertiary hospitals, Rivers state.

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SAMUEL Gentle Kitoye, OVODO Rosemary, AJIE Pearl C. (2023-04-10). "Socio-Demographic Determinants of Diabetes among Men attending Tertiary Hospitals in Port Harcourt Metropolis of Rivers State." *Volume 6*, 1, 15-21