Association between Socio-Demographic Factors with Medical Presentations and Functional Outcome by 2 Weeks Physiotherapy Treatment among Hospitalized Stroke Patients

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Parvin Sultana Shilpy, Md. Delowar Hossain Chowdhury, Raju Ahmed

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Published: 3 October 2021 | Article Type :

Abstract

Introduction: Stroke is an important cause of early death and disability in low-income and middle-income countries like Bangladesh.

Objective: To see the association between socio-demographic factors with medical presentations & functional outcome by 2 weeks physiotherapy treatment among hospitalized stroke patients.

Materials and Methods: Cross sectional hospital based study was conducted to see the association between socio-demographic factors with medical presentations & functional outcome by 2 weeks physiotherapy treatment among hospitalized stroke patients. Purposive sampling technique was followed to select 105 samples. Functional outcome was measured before and after treatment FIM scale. Data were processed and analyzed by using Statistical package of social science, version 20. P- Value less than 0.05 was considered significant.

Results: Study showed that the lowest age was 32 years, highest age was 79 year and mean age was 55 years among the respondents. Female were higher (51.40%) than male (48.60%). About 51.40% were attacked by ischemic stroke and 48.60 % were attacked by haemorrhagic stroke. About 68.60% of the respondents were under left side hemiplegic and 31.40% were right side hemiplegic. There was significant association among age, duration of stroke of the patient and functional outcomes with rolling affected to unaffected side, unaffected to affected side, sit to supine & gait (P< 0.05); between stroke duration of the patient and functional outcomes with rolling affected to unaffected side, rolling unaffected to affected side, supine to sit, sit to supine, transfer from bed to wheel chair & gait (P< 0.05); between types of stroke and functional outcomes with rolling unaffected to affected side (P< 0.05); between affected sides and functional outcomes with rolling affected to unaffected side (P< 0.05) and between medical, musculoskeletal and neurological complications of the participants and functional outcomes after 2 weeks Physiotherapy treatment (P< 0.05).

Conclusion: This study has acknowledged the functional outcome among hospitalized stroke patients after 2 weeks physiotherapy treatment & provided association between some factors and functional outcome.

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Parvin Sultana Shilpy, Md. Delowar Hossain Chowdhury, Raju Ahmed. (2021-10-03). "Association between Socio-Demographic Factors with Medical Presentations and Functional Outcome by 2 Weeks Physiotherapy Treatment among Hospitalized Stroke Patients." *Volume 5*, 1, 22-29