Relationship of Educational and Civil Status with Blood Pressure, Blood Sugar and Atherogenic Index in a Rural Area: A Cross-Sectional Population Study

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Abigail H. Agbo, Chikaike Ogbonna, et al.

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Published: 31 May 2021 | Article Type :

Abstract

Background: Educational and civil states affect CVD. It is not known how much this applies to our environment. We therefore sought to determine the relationship between these socio-economic variables and CVD in our environment to enable us recommend manipulations that can enhance cardiovascular health status.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional population survey of CVD in a rural community in North-Central Nigeria in 2008. Subjects as part of history gave their educational and civil status. They were examined physically and blood taken in a randomly selected subset for relevant biochemical tests.

Results: 840 subjects were studied; 27.5% were males, 77.8% married 14.1% widowed, 7.2% single and 0.8% divorced. Primary education was highest at 52.7%, secondary 34.8% and tertiary 12.5%. The rest had no formal education. Educational status did not influence BMI, SBP, DBP, AI and blood sugar significantly. SBP and DBP differed significantly according to civil status (p=0.000). On multiple comparison, it turned out that the widows fared the worst. Physical inactivity at work and leisure were implicated the most resulting in their having the highest BMIs.

Conclusion: Higher education without rise in socio-economic status does not increase CVD morbidity; and widows largely for physical inactivity have higher CVD risks. It istherefore important to discourage all cultural rites that encourage widows to be sedentary; and counsel them against undue grief and depression that tend to bolster physically inactive life-styles.

Keywords: Socioeconomic status, Cardiovascular disease, Rural, Nigeria.

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Abigail H. Agbo, Chikaike Ogbonna, et al.. (2021-05-31). "Relationship of Educational and Civil Status with Blood Pressure, Blood Sugar and Atherogenic Index in a Rural Area: A Cross-Sectional Population Study." *Volume 4*, 1, 57-63