Smoking Cessation

Author Details

Agathi-Panagiota Spiropoulou, Vasileios Spyropoulos, Georgia Spyropoulou, Dimosthenis Lykouras, Kiriakos Karkoulias, Kostas Spiropoulos

Journal Details

Published

Published: 15 March 2024 | Article Type : Review Article

Abstract

Cigarette smoking is a harmful health habit because it is associated with many morbidities such as: lung cancer, cancer of the tongue, cancer of the lip, stomach cancer, bladder cancer, ischaemic heart disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
70% of smokers want to quit and need on average 6 – 7 attempts to achieve this. Stopping smoking leads to immediate and long-term benefits, such as less shortness of breath, coughing, wheezing, improved appetite.
Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) is the most commonly used drug treatment to stop smoking. Bupropion has similar efficacy to NRT for improving the cessation rates. Varenicline is a partial nicotine agonist, which also inhibits the nicotine receptors from being stimulated by free nicotine
Electronic cigarettes are devices that heat a liquid (usually including a liquid that is heated by the cigarette propylene glycol and glycerol) with nicotine (with or without added flavouring substances) stored in a disposable or refillable cartridge or tank .Long term safety data are not available.

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Review Article

How to Cite

Citation:

Agathi-Panagiota Spiropoulou, Vasileios Spyropoulos, Georgia Spyropoulou, Dimosthenis Lykouras, Kiriakos Karkoulias, Kostas Spiropoulos. (2024-03-15). "Smoking Cessation." *Volume 7*, 1, 7-10