Diagnosis of Asthma in Childhood Age

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Ibrahim A Ali, Elia Adil Nabih, Ahmed M. S. Eltohami

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Published: 25 September 2018 | Article Type :

Abstract

Background: Asthma is the most common chronic respiratory disorder in childhood. Asthmatic attacks are described and classified according to the type of wheezing toNon –atopic and Atopic asthma (IgE mediated wheezing). The aim of this review is to determine the onset of clinical diagnosis in relation to clinical presentation of asthma in children and obstacles related to delay of Asthma diagnosis.

Methods: This review highlights the results of studies performed regarding clinical diagnosis in relation to clinical presentation and of asthma in children. Anextensive search has been conducted for researches about asthma in children. This search based on the publications posted on the National Center for Biotechnology Information PubMed or by Google Scholar.Key words used for the research: Asthma,Atopy, clinical diagnosis, children.

Results and Conclusion: Diagnosing asthma in young children is difficult because children often cough and wheeze with colds and chest infections, but this is not necessarily asthma. Wrong diagnosis of asthma in children occurs when physicians diagnose patients with asthma from the clinical diagnosis in the first attack without excluding other asthma mimickers which can be any other respiratory problem. There is over-diagnosis of asthma due to the symptoms which mimic other respiratory infections. First episodes of cough, runny nose and fever that happen in cold/flu season- fall/winter/early spring is likely not asthma. If thechild has several more episodes of wheeze and cough, it is likely to be asthma.Because there is no diagnostic test available for children younger than 6 years of age, making a diagnosis in this age group is more difficult than in older children. Over the age of about 6 years it is possible for a child to have a spirometer test.

Keywords: Asthma, Atopy, clinical diagnosis, children.

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Ibrahim A Ali, Elia Adil Nabih, Ahmed M. S. Eltohami. (2018-09-25). "Diagnosis of Asthma in Childhood Age." *Volume 1*, 1, 59-63