Effect of Diabetes Mellitus on the Pulmonary Function Tests in Sudanese Diabetic Patients

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Elmutaz H Taha, Ibrahim A Ali and Omer A Musa

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Published: 19 September 2018 | Article Type :

Abstract

Background: Diabetes mellitus is a leading cause of illness and death. Pulmonary function test PFT has assumed a key role in epidemiological studies investigating the incidence, natural history and causality of lung disease.

Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted in The National Ribat Teaching Hospital and Jabir Abualiz Specialized Diabetes Center in Khartoum state to measure the respiratory muscle power in 31 diabetic patients (case group) and 30 non-diabetics patients (control groups). Pulmonary function tests were measured by using Digital Spirometer-Micro-Plus version.

Results: lung function parameters between diabetic patients and their matched control group show no significant differences between the means of FVC, FEV1 and FEV1/FVC. However, diabetic patients showed significant reduction in PEFR.

Conclusion: Exercise and well control of diabetes helped in preserving normal respiratory muscle power. Continuous reasonable exercise with good control is highly recommended for all diabetics.

Keywords: FEV1, FVC, PFT, Diabetes mellitus.

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Elmutaz H Taha, Ibrahim A Ali and Omer A Musa. (2018-09-19). "Effect of Diabetes Mellitus on the Pulmonary Function Tests in Sudanese Diabetic Patients." *Volume 1*, 1, 50-58